In 865, Muhammad I, son of Abd-ar-Rahman II, ordered the construction of a small palace and a citadel in Magerit, an Arabic translation of the pre-Muslim name given to the site, Matrice, which means ‘source of water’, since the site was near a stream that flowed along present-day Calle de Segovia.
Two centuries later, in 1083, the citadel was conquered by Alfonso VI the Brave, King of León and Castile. The village was inhabited by Muslims, Jews and Christians. The modern name ‘Madrid’ derives from the combination of the Muslim and the Christian names
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