As part of the events organised to commemorate the III Centenary of the birth of Charles III, this exhibition features several artistic pieces that examine Spain's foreign policy and its scientific and cultural contributions, as well as the role played by the Crown in promoting the advancement of knowledge.
The exhibition is made up of around a hundred works on loan from almost forty Spanish and foreign institutions (museums in Italy and the UK, among others), some of which are largely unknown and have been loaned for the first time and restored especially for the occasion. They include paintings by the great painters of the 18th Century who chronicled this period, such as Jean Ranc, Jacopo Amigoni, Giuseppe Bonito, Anton Rafael Mengs and Francisco de Goya, which will exhibited alongside important Mediterranean and American archaeological findings, as well as magnificent examples of period cartography, scientific instruments, and the originals of some of the core documents in the history of 18th Century Europe.
The exhibition is structured into four major thematic areas: Spain and Italy. Relations and international interests (1716-1759); The Spanish throne and overseas kingdoms; The international projection of the Monarchy. Spain in the international system; and A world to discover. Culture and scientific explorations–, which examine the family life of King Charles III, his ascension to the throne, his enlightened reforms, Hispanic territories overseas, the presence of Spain in the major wars and conflicts of the period, international politics, and the activity of cultural patronage and scientific expeditions.
Spanish Cultural Action and the Ministry of Culture, Education, and Sport are organising this exhibition.
- Giuseppe Bonito. Charles as the King of Naples and Sicily, the King of the Two Sicilies. Prado Museum (Madrid).
- Giuseppe Bonito. The Turkish ambassador to the Court of Naples. 1741. Oil on canvas. Prado Museum (Madrid).
- Antonio Joli. View of Madrid's New Royal Palace. After 1762. Oil on canvas. Palazzo Reale di Napoli (Italy).
- José Martín Rufo. English assault on El Morro Castle in Havana. Oil on canvas. San Fernando Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Madrid).
- Umete. Tahiti, 18th Century. Dolorita – black stone-. National Anthropology Museum (Madrid).