King Charles III ordered Sabatini to build the San Vicente gate in 1775 at almost the same time as the Puerta de Alcalá. However, the original work was lost before our time because it was dismantled in 1892 to make way for traffic, and some of the ashlars in the monument were used for the construction of decorative lampposts in the Glorieta de Cibeles. Municipal architect López Salaberry was responsible for this project, and he also requested permission for the unused pillars to be valued and auctioned.
Proposals were put forward at various times for the reconstruction of the Puerta de San Vicente. Maria Cristina, the queen regent, repeatedly expressed a desire that the gate should once again grace the city. Later, in 1692, the city council passed a motion for a reproduction of the monument valued at a million pesetas (6,000 €) to be constructed. However, the first stone of the new Puerta de San Vicente was not laid until 1994, in the Arganzuela district.
The monument consists of a main arch and two smaller gates, the former adorned with two Doric columns on the outer side and two pilasters on the inner. The upper cornices are the originals, while the lion’s head and sculptures of arms, flags and musical instruments are replicas, the work of José Luis Parés.
One of the world’s leading art galleries with works by Velázquez, Goya, El Greco, Titian, Rubens and Hieronymus Bosch.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum takes you on a incredible journey through seven centuries of European painting.
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