The gate was built by Sabatini in 1778 as part of the city decoration restorations promoted by Charles III. It is made of granite and is an excellent example of proportion, harmony, and elegance. The King commissioned the work to Sabatini in order to commemorate his arrival at the capital in 1778. The gate was located at the entrance of the city, next to the Alcalá de Henares road, from which it received its name.
Sabatini designed a structure consisting of five arches, three of them half-point and another two, placed at the ends, in the form of an architrave. The openings are flanked by ten columns with modern Ionic capitals, ending in cornices crowned by an attic, and they are set up over a base at both sides of the monument. On the side facing Cibeles, you can see that the columns, except for the ones that decorate the central arch, have been replaced by pilasters.
Robert de Michel created the ornaments that decorate the Gate. They highlight the embossed cornucopias located in the opening friezes on the ends and the lion heads of the three central openings. Finally, the coat of royal arms is supported by a Fame and a Genius, made by Francisco Gutiérrez. At both sides of the monument and over the attic, an inscription reads “Rege Carlo III/ Anno/MDCCLXXVIII”
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